Mobile Application Security Testing

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Testing the software application developed for mobile devices for their functionality, usability, security, performance, etc is known as Mobile Application Testing.
Mobile Application Security Testing includes authentication, authorization, data security, vulnerabilities for hacking, session management, etc. There are various reasons to say why mobile app security testing is important. Few of them are – To prevent fraud attacks on the mobile app, virus or malware infection to the mobile app, to prevent security breaches, etc.

Mobile apps are basically classified into 3 categories:
•Web Apps: These are like the normal web applications that are accessed from a mobile phone built in HTML.
•Native Apps: These are apps native to the device built using the OS features and can run only on that particular OS.
•Hybrid apps: These look like native but they behave like web apps making the best use of both web and native features.

Here are three basic steps that must be performed to achieve the desired objective:
•Intelligence Gathering (gather as much as possible information about the app)
•Threat Modeling (identify threats for the app – specific or prepared)
•Vulnerability Analysis (identify vulnerabilities in the app with the previous created test cases using Dynamic methods (Passive network monitoring and analyzing), Runtime analysis (analyzing the communicating process for internal components (Android: Intents; iOS: objc_msgSend calls), and Forensic methods (Timeline analysis)

Specific activities to be performed while testing the Security of Mobile Applications are:
•Automated security testing of mobile applications for multiple mobile devices across multiple platforms over diverse networks.
•Use of a cloud-based mobile Testing Lab that enables uploading locations or the actual apps themselves for testing.
•Performance of a huge variety of automated security tests for identifying embedded spywares, viruses, Trojans, data privacy, data leakage, unsolicited network connections, etc.
•Dynamic analyses and testing of apps in labs providing the required environment to verify security issues such as insecure file system, insecure data transmission, unsafe data storage, privilege access violations, etc.
•Analyses of results for each mobile application.
•Assessment of automated code that helps IT teams secure mobile apps in agile-based environments.
•Inspection of all the features of the apps in real-time in controlled environments, and comparison of the results against a plethora of known applications.
•Assessment of the apps using binary static analysis that expose malicious capabilities and vulnerabilities such as leakage of information.
•Assessment of whether or not an app has been built according to the peculiar demands of compliance in your industry, as it is vital to follow the right standards for regulations and mandates.
•Keep checking and testing for the new security threats that keep surfacing ever so often.
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